What religion was founded by Gerald Gardner? GERALD GARDNER
Gardner, considered the founder of Wicca, was born in 1884, north of Liverpool in England. A world traveler with an interest in the occult, Gardner first heard the word “Wica” used in the 1930s when he became involved with a coven in Highcliffe, England. He was initiated into the group in 1939.
What are the Celtic sabbats? Valiente identified the four “Greater Sabbats”, or fire festivals, by the names Candlemas, May Eve, Lammas, and Hallowe’en, though she also identified their Irish counterparts as Imbolc, Beltane, Lughnassadh, and Samhain.
Who wrote the original Book of Shadows?
When was Wicca invented? Wicca originated in the early twentieth century, when it developed amongst secretive covens in England who were basing their religious beliefs and practices upon what they read of the historical Witch-Cult in the works of such writers as Margaret Murray.