What is systemic venous congestion? The term “systemic venous congestion” refers to the accumulation of fluid outside the lungs, clinically manifested as elevated jugular venous pressure, pleural effusions, hepatic enlargement, ascites, and edema.
What causes systemic venous congestion? The causes of systemic venous hypertension (SVHT) include cardiac- and circulatory-related factors, whereas its consequences include the congestion of hepatic, splanchnic, and peripheral circulations, which contribute significantly to the clinical congestive heart failure syndrome.
What changes occur during venous congestion? Venous congestion is manifested in the systemic circulation. The increase in mean right atrial pressure increases the mean capillary pressure, and the net force for filtration of fluid across the capillary bed is therefore greatly increased.
Is systemic venous congestion right sided heart failure? In right-sided heart failure, ventricular independence (between the right and left ventricles) can lead to systemic hypoperfusion (from reduced left ventricular filling), systemic venous congestion (from elevated central venous pressure), and fluid retention.